Mikheil Vashakidze was born in 28th (15th) of August 1909, in the village Didi Jikhaishi (Samtredia region of Georgia). Mikheil graduated secondary school in town of Samtredia. He continued his education in Tbilisi Industrial-Economic technical college (1925-1928). In 1928, he become a student of the Physics and Mathematics faculty in Tbilisi State University. After the university graduation (1932), he enrolled in the graduate school of observatory. Shortly after he was sent to Leningrad (St. Petersburg), where he worked under the mentorship of famous scientist Victor Ambartsumian.
Mikheil Vashakidze defended his Kandidat Nauk (The Candidate of Sciences) thesis in 1936, and in 1950 – Doktor Nauk (Doctor) thesis.
Mikheil Vashakidze’s first a few works of a highest significance are dedicated to the learning of distribution of the stars in space. Mikheil Vashakidze offered new, ingenious solution of the problem. Famous Dutch astronomer Jan Oort found the same solution, independently from Vashakidze. This solution nowadays is called as Vashakidze–Oort Method, and we can find it in college manuals. The scientific interest of Mikheil Vashakidze also considered experimental research of emissions of the astronomical objects.
From all of Vashakidze’s works, it is remarkable his participation in the field expeditions for the observations on total solar eclipses: in Ural (1941), in Karelia (1954), in Brazil (1947), in Central Asia (1952) an in Georgia (1954).
Through the measurements of polarization of light Mikheil Vashakidze, become capable to establish the nature of Crab Nebula. With the works of Mikheil Vashakidze, it become obvious that the nebula’s radiation is strongly polarized and is originated not by heat, but by the synchrotron mechanism. This discovery also was proved by soviet astronomer Victor Dombrovsky. This discovery rushed the development of pulsar astronomy.
Vashakidze’s great scientific merit to astronomy is indicated by the fact that one of the craters on the moon surface was named after him in 1970. Mikheil Vashakidze, until the last day of his life, was head of the department of astrophysics and stellar astronomy of Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory. He lectured for thirteen years (1940-1953) in Tbilisi State University and Kutaisi State Pedagogical Institute.
Mikheil Vashakidze died (27th of November 1956) in a result of a chronic and serious illness in age of 47.